Laws Acts and Agencies

Hazardous Materials Incident Response

  • International hazard classification system (IHCS) = Each hazard is assigned a 4 digit number know as the United Nations, North American or Product ID numbers – Displayed on vehicle placards
  • Class 1 – Explosives
  • Class 2 – Gases
  • Class 3 – Flammable or combustible liquids
  • Class 4 – Flammable solids
  • Class 5 – Oxidizers and organic peroxides
  • Class 6 – Poisonous materials and infectious substances
  • Class 7 – Radioactive substances
  • Class 8 – Corrosive materials
  • Class 9 – Miscellaneous

NIOSH

  • The research arm of OSHA

Department of labor

  • OSHA → NIOSH → HazCom
    • Led to HazCom → The purpose of this section is to ensure that the hazards of all xenobiotics produced or imported are evaluated and that information concerning their hazards is transmitted to employers and employees. This transmittal of information is to be accomplished by means of comprehensive hazard communication programs, which are to include container labeling and other forms of warning, material safety data sheets, and employee training.

EPA – RCRA (Rick-rah)

  • CRAdle to the grave – hazardous waste
  • Does not address abandoned or historic sites (that’s for CERCLA)

EPA – HSWA (Hiss-wah)

  • Hazardous waste disposal

EPA – TSCA

  • Toxic substance control act
  • Testing, surveillance and reporting requirements for companies that have had toxic substances identified

Federal Hazardous Substances Act And Poison Prevention Packaging Act

  • Child resistant packaging
  • 1970
  • Household caustics limited to 10% then lowered to 2% in 1973
  • Caustics

Federal insecticide fungicide and rodenticide act (FIFRA)

  • Reducing organophosphate use
  • 1947

Food quality and protection act (FQPA)

  • 1996

Montreal protocol

  • Eliminate ozone depletion agents
  • 1987

 ATSDR/TOXNET

  • Under DHHS and CDC

CERCLA

  • Superfund act
  • Right to know acts

SARA

  • Superfund amendment and reauthorization act
  • EPCRA (emergency planning and community right to know act) – Title III of SARA → Toxic release inventory (TRI) PART OF EPA
  • SERC – implementation branch of EPCRA

NCRP (National council on radiation protection)

  • With FDA, limits occupational exposure to radiation
  • NCRP issues BEIR (biologic effects on ionizing radiation)

REAC/TS

  • Radiation emergency assistance center and training site
  • ORISE (Oak ridge institute for science and education)

For more chapters, visit the ABAT Study Guide homepage

Laws Acts and Agencies